Structuring the historical heritage
After the 2nd World War
At the end of the Second World War, Münster's Old Town - pictured here is the Prinzipalmarkt - lay in ruins. Reconstruction was based on the original architecture.
At the end of the Second World War (1945) the city that is more than one thousand years old was reduced to a rubble landscape. The city was successfully reconstructed by means of the remarkable efforts of the population based on its historical model. It oriented itself – by contrast with a lot of other German cities – according to the medieval city ground plan. In this way a conscious decision was made against a car-friendly city. The appearance of the Altstadt with its church towers, the Prinzipalmarkt, the city hall and the town houses was reminiscent of its appearance in the pre-war period. The reconstructed buildings are based on the construction style and sizes of their predecessors without imitating them. Open spaces such as the Promenade, the side path along the Aa, on whose banks Münster was once founded, the Domplatz (cathedral square) and the Hindenburgplatz directly in front of the historical palace have also been retained.