Improving the landscape
The Landscape Plans
A bird's eye view of the Rieselfelder European Nature Reserve: the former site of Münster's sewage treatment works is today an important stop-over point for migrating wading birds and waterfowl.
(Source: Land Survey and Registry Office, Münster City Council)
The landscape plans represent an important tool for the protection and the development of the countryside and the landscape. They give the ecologically valuable areas a protected status and make statements amongst other things with respect to the enhancement of the landscape’s appearance as well as the optimisation of the interlinked biotopes and biodiversity, e.g. by planting, by the construction of stretches of water and also by means of the ecological optimisation of flowing stretches of water. The entire part of Münster that has not been developed will be covered by means of four landscape plans, i.e. approx. three quarters of the municipal area. Their model is the Münsterland park landscape, which has evolved historically, with changes of use over short spaces of land ranging between arable land, grassland, orchards, forests and hedges.
For instance, it was possible to safeguard the internationally significant "Rieselfelder" (sewage farms) bird sanctuary by means of a landscape plan in the north of the city. 228 hectares of the European reserve that is registered in accordance with the "Ramsar Convention" have been given protected status as the resting and moulting place for waders and waterfowl. 126 additional hectares are used for the purposes of research, to attract visitors and to develop ecological diversity.
Reserves as proportion of the municipal area
- Total municipal area: 30,200 ha (100 %)
- Nature reserves: 9,800 ha (32,5 %)
- Nature reserves and protected sections of the landscape: 960 ha (3,2 %)
- Reserves in accordance with the European directive (FFH and bird sanctuaries): 1,700 ha (5,7 %)
- Flowing stretches of water: 230 km
- Planting of hedges and embankment hedges: 75 km